The Evolution of Direct3D

* UPDATE: Be sure to read the comment thread at the end of this blog, the discussion got interesting.

It’s been many years since I worked on Direct3D and over the years the technology has evolved Dramatically. Modern GPU hardware has changed tremendously over the years Achieving processing power and capabilities way beyond anything I dreamed of having access to in my lifetime. The evolution of the modern GPU is the result of many fascinating market forces but the one I know best and find most interesting was the influence that Direct3D had on the new generation GPU’s that support Welcome to Thunderbird processing cores, billions of transistors more than the host CPU and are many times faster at most applications. I’ve told a lot of funny stories about how political and Direct3D was created but I would like to document some of the history of how the Direct3D architecture came about and the architecture that had profound influence on modern consumer GPU’s.

Published here with this article is the original documentation for Direct3D DirectX 2 when it was first Introduced in 1995. Contained in this document is an architecture vision for 3D hardware acceleration that was largely responsible for shaping the modern GPU into the incredibly powerful, increasingly ubiquitous consumer general purpose supercomputers we see today.

The reason I got into computer graphics was NOT an interest in gaming, it was an interest in computational simulation of physics. I Studied 3D at Siggraph conferences in the late 1980’s Because I wanted to understand how to approach simulating quantum mechanics, chemistry and biological systems computationally. Simulating light interactions with materials was all the rage at Siggraph back then so I learned 3D. Understanding light 3D mathematics and physics made me a graphics and color expert roomates got me a career in the publishing industry early on creating PostScript RIP’s (Raster Image Processors). I worked with a team of engineers in Cambridge England creating software solutions for printing color graphics screened before the invention of continuous tone printing. That expertise got me recruited by Microsoft in the early 1990’s to re-design the Windows 95 and Windows NT print architecture to be more competitive with Apple’s superior capabilities at that time. My career came full circle back to 3D when, an initiative I started with a few friends to re-design the Windows graphics and media architecture (DirectX) to support real-time gaming and video applications, resulted in gaming becoming hugely strategic to Microsoft. Sony Introduced in a consumer 3D game console (the Playstation 1) and being responsible for DirectX it was incumbent on us to find a 3D solution for Windows as well.

For me, the challenge in formulating a strategy for consumer 3D gaming for Microsoft was an economic one. What approach to consumer 3D Microsoft should take to create a vibrant competitive market for consumer 3D hardware that was both affordable to consumers AND future proof? The complexity of realistically simulating 3D graphics in real time was so far beyond our capabilities in that era that there was NO hope of choosing a solution that was anything short of an ugly hack that would produce “good enough” for 3D games while being very far removed from the ideal solutions mathematically we had implemented a little hope of seeing in the real-world during our careers.


Clustered NetApp Data ONTAP 8.2 Launches

Jakarta – NetApp introduced a new version of its flagship operating system storage, clustered Data ONTAP 8.2. Steven Law, NetApp Country Manager Indonesia, said the new software provides the ability for organizations and cloud services to offer new services and capacity with maximum application uptime quickly and cost-effectively.
Clustered Data ONTAP 8.2 is claimed to remove the limits of performance, availability, and efficiency of the traditional siled, and align storage infrastructure with business demands and ever-changing applications without interruption.
»Excellence is clustered Data ONTAP operating without interruption, scalability, and efficiency of storage that has been proven,” said Steven in Jakarta, Wednesday, July 17, 2013.
While changes in industry trends, has led NetApp become a multi-platform company. There are at least five trends that change the direction of NetApp, the flash technology, cloud computing, customers who want an easy-paced, mobile lifestyle, and large data storage needs.
»Change and development trend represents an opportunity for companies to grow and thrive. To seize that opportunity, NetApp needs to evolve into a multi-platform company that customers can prepare for the future, “said Steven.
As an initial step to deal with the changing trends NetApp, the NetApp over the past year to add two new business focus as a strategy, which is clustered Data ONTAP and E-Series Storage System.
If a series of Clustered Data ONTAP operating system, E-Series Storage is a range of flash storage array system maximize the value of the whole set of flash in computing, networking, and storage, thus providing flexibility in choosing the best approach for each work load.
NetApp recently launched EF540, which is the industry’s first flash array that combines extreme performance and consistent with the level of availability, reliability, high manageability and enterprise-class, as well as support services worldwide. Check out other techno news here.

Toshiba Introduces Satellite Notebook E Series with Screen 14 Inches and 15 Inches

Japanese electronics manufacturer, Toshiba has just introduced the new E Series Satellite notebook is priced cheaper than Kirabook. The latest notebook was not only comes with an Intel Haswell, but also uses AMD A6 chip.

The first new product is the Satellite E45t. This notebook has a 14-inch screen with a resolution of 1366 x 768 pixels. Inside are Intel Haswell processors Core i5-4200U, 6GB RAM and 500GB HDD. This notebook also uses touch screen and voice recognition software.

Meanwhile Satellite E55 comes with an option of Intel or AMD processors. This notebook has a 15.6-inch screen size with a resolution of 1366 x 768 pixels. Satellite E55t will use Intel Core i5 processors, while the E55D and E55Dt will use AMD A6 chip.

According to Engadget, E55D who does not have a touch screen will be priced around 580 USD, while the E55Dt priced at 700 USD. For Satellite E45t itself is now sold exclusively in the United States with the official BestBuy 700 USD.

Accela Releases Civic Hero App for Windows 8

Accela, Inc., the leading provider of civic engagement solutions for government agencies, announced today that its Civic Hero app is now available for Windows 8. With Civic Hero for Windows 8, Accela is providing entire communities with an innovative app that empowers citizens to report non-emergency community issues such as graffiti, potholes, or damaged public property to local government.

“We’re very excited that Civic Hero is now available on Windows 8,” said Maury Blackman, Accela President and CEO. “This opportunity provides an amazing user experiences and offers features that will delight our user base. Now more government agencies and citizens will be able to access our expanding platform of applications and will realize the true value of citizen engagement. We look forward to continuing to work closely with Microsoft to bring additional apps to market.”

By using their Windows 8 devices, citizens can simply select the type of issue they are reporting, take or add a quick photo or comment and they are done. Citizens can also review and comment on issues reported by others. Government agencies will benefit from utilizing Civic Hero in the following ways:

  • Automatic report routing to only receive service requests within your jurisdiction and areas of responsibility.
  • Tight integration with Accela Automation, allowing agencies to leverage the workflow engine to assign and track reports.
  • Prioritization of reported issues through community feedback.
  • Elimination of duplicate requests.
  • Good will from citizens when they utilize a convenient and useful app that makes communicating with government easy and efficient.

“Civic Hero for Windows 8 offers significant benefits to government agencies and citizens by enabling a fast and transparent method for reporting non-emergency issues,” said Steve Jenkins, senior director of government partners, Microsoft Worldwide Public Sector. “Accela’s easy-to-use app helps cities, citizens and government employees stay engaged with their communities on their Windows 8 devices with convenient access virtually anywhere.”

The Windows 8 version of Civic Hero joins existing versions deployed on leading mobile platforms including iOS and Android. For more information on Accela’s mobile applications, including Civic Hero, visit

About Accela

Accela, Inc. provides the leading civic engagement platform, powering thousands of services and millions of transactions daily for large and small public agencies worldwide. We connect government to people and accelerate and streamline land management, licensing, asset management and public health and safety processes. Accela’s Civic Cloud includes a complete platform, both packaged and tailored solutions and cloud-based, office, mobile and social applications to support government agency, business and citizen needs. Accela is headquartered in San Ramon, Calif., with international offices in Australia and the United Arab Emirates. For more information, visit

Gigabyte Launches Latest Game Keyboard K7 FORCE Stealth with Anti-ghosting feature

Gamers can now obtain the latest gaming keyboard option in the shopping list. The new gaming keyboards come from Gigabyte called FORCE K7 Stealth. And as a gaming keyboard, FORCE Stealth K7 is also equipped with several features gaming supporters.

The main feature on the keyboard is the anti-ghosting. This feature allows players to be able to press 7 keys simultaneously without conflict. But not all of the support this feature. There are only seven buttons, namely the Q, W, A, S, D, left Shift and Spacebar.

In addition keyboard also comes with a three-color illumination that can be arranged. Three colors are blue, green and cyan. Not only that, the keyboard buttons also have a thin structure. With so each button is pressed, aktuasinya very close distance.

DataCore Software Builds on Software-Defined Storage Momentum and Names Paul Murphy as Vice President of Worldwide Marketing

DataCore Software, the premier provider of storage virtualization software, today announced the appointment of Paul Murphy as the vice president of worldwide marketing. Murphy will oversee DataCore’s demand generation, inside sales and strategic marketing efforts needed to expand and accelerate the company’s growth and presence in the storage and virtualization sectors.  He brings to DataCore a proven track-record and a deep understanding of virtualization, storage technologies and the pivotal forces impacting customers in today’s ‘software-defined’ world. Murphy will drive the company’s marketing organization and programs to fuel sales for DataCore’s acclaimed storage virtualization software solution, SANsymphony™- V.

“Our software solutions have been successfully deployed at thousands of sites around the world and now our priority is to reach out to a broader range of organizations that don’t yet realize the economic and productivity benefits they can achieve through the adoption of storage virtualization and SANsymphony-V,” said DataCore Software’s Chief Operating Officer, Steve Houck. “Murphy brings to the company a fresh strategic marketing perspective, the ability to simplify our messaging, new ways to energize our outbound marketing activities and the drive to expand our visibility and brand recognition around the world.”

With nearly 15 years of experience in the technology industry, Murphy possesses a diverse range of skills in areas including engineering, services, sales and marketing, which will be instrumental in overseeing DataCore’s marketing activities around the globe. He was previously Director Americas SMB Sales and Worldwide Channel Development Manager at VMware, where he developed go-to-market strategies and oversaw both direct and inside channel sales teams in both domestic and international markets.

Prior to that, Murphy was senior product marketing manager at NetApp, focusing on backup and recovery solutions and their Virtual Tape Library product line. In this role, Murphy led business development activities, sales training, compensation programs and joint-marketing campaigns. An excellent communicator, he has been a keynote speaker at numerous industry events, trade shows, end-user seminars, sales training events, partner/reseller events and webcasts. Before moving into sales and marketing, Murphy had a successful career in engineering.

“The timing is perfect. DataCore has just updated its SANsymphony-V storage virtualization platform and it is well positioned to take advantage of the paradigm shift and acceptance of software-defined storage infrastructures,” said Murphy. “After doing the market research and getting feedback from numerous customers, it is clear to me that there is a large degree of pent-up customer demand. Needless to say, I’m eager to spread the word on DataCore’s value proposition and make a difference in this exciting and critical role.”

About DataCore Software

DataCore Software develops storage virtualization software leveraged in virtual and physical IT environments to obtain high availability, fast performance and maximum utilization from storage. DataCore’s SANsymphony-V storage hypervisor is a comprehensive, yet hardware-independent solution which fundamentally changes the economics of provisioning, replicating and protecting storage for large enterprises and small to midsize businesses. For additional information, visit the DataCore website at or call (877) 780-5111.

DataCore, the DataCore logo and SANsymphony are trademarks or registered trademarks of DataCore Software Corporation. Other DataCore product or service names or logos referenced herein are trademarks of DataCore Software Corporation. All other products, services and company names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Chat apps ‘Nimbuzz Messenger’

Chat on Instant Messenger Applications Through One Application

Nimbuz is a place for you who have an account on a popular instant messenger applications. So by using Nimbuzz, you can chat on Yahoo Messenger account, Facebook Chat, or Google talk, through one application that is Nimbuzz.

d6-435-nimbuzzMetode it uses diverse, can through desktop applications that must be installed first, or can be directly through the browser by logging in using an account on the official website through Webchat feature. To check if the connection is using Nimbuzz goes well, provided a useful bot to respond to the chat that you do.

Nimbuzz also has the facility to call abroad at a cheaper cost than using regular telephone rates. You do this by purchasing credits through Nimbuzz! Out with the subscription fee is offered. Similarly, the video chat facility if you have a webcam or a camera that supports it. Share files such as audio, image, or video are also possible as most similar applications.

Nimbuzz Messenger comes complete various platforms, ranging from PC desktop to mobile. For the mobile platform is available on Android based operating systems, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Phone, Symbian and Java. Nimbuzz also features a comprehensive list of some brands of mobile phones that support this application. And users can perform a cross-platform chat so that you more easily in touch with relatives in cyberspace.